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Osztrák Magyar Monarchia

Österreichisch-Ungarischen Reiches

Austro Hungarian Empire

The official name of the empire was-

In Hungarian: A Birodalmi Tanácsban képviselt királyságok és országok és a Magyar Szent Korona országai.

In German: Die im Reichsrat vertretenen Königreiche und Länder und die Länder der Heiligen Ungarischen Stephanskrone.


The Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council and the Lands of the Holy Hungarian Crown of St. Stephen.


(Hungarian)


(German)


(English)

Under the Austro Hungarian Empire, the official languages were German and Hungarian. All other languages specific to the nation within the empire, was retained and spoken, however, both Hungarian and German were spoken by many people throughout the empire as 2nd and 3rd languages.

The Austro-Hunagarian empire was a constitutional union of the Empire of Austria and the Kingdom of Hungary which lasted from 1867 to 1918. In German  In Hungarian the unified empire was called Osztrák Magyar Monarchia, wherein they referred to the empire as a monarchy.

It is commonly mistaken that Maria Theresa had ruled over the empire, but this is of course a mistake by almost 100 years. It would be ruled by the house of Habsburg, the descendants of Maria Theresa, and would see the ending of not only the Habsburg empire and the Austro-Hungarian empire, but of the  Habsburg rule and influence.

It is often overlooked, that until the first world war, Hungary was a vast territorial

empire encompassing many of the modern day nations. As can be seen with the

creation of Yugoslavia after the first world war following the dissolution of the

Austro-Hungarian empire, subsequently followed by its collapse which is officially

regarded as June 25th 1991 when Croatia and Slovenia declared independence.

're-creation' of nations under a recognised national border is never that straight forward.

During the post Yugoslavia wars, a number of elderly in their 80's and 90's, had

commented that they had no problems when part of the Hungarian empire.

They recalled personal family stories of how easily their parents could travel for work anywhere within the empire and they suffered none of the supposed pressures of being ruled over as they considered themselves part of the empire. This is written as first hand experience by those and their families living as part of the empire.

Maria Theresa of Austria coats of arms

Kingdoms and indeed empires, were not always run by way of dictatorships or

totalitarianism under monarchies. Indeed, it can quite the reverse since monarchies rely heavily upon the popular support of their subjects.

Empire of Austro-Hungary map Austria Hungary empire map

A major unifying factor for the empire, was the defence of Europe from the Ottomans, the Turks! Hungary had become invaded, divided and at the constant end of territorial conflict. The wars with the Ottomans had cost hundreds of thousands of lives across the centuries, but they were defeated and the borders pushed back. This is also something which Austria had in common, a shared hatred of the Turks, regardless of what names they were under.  

As such, even in the 2010’s, it was publicly stated that Austria would never under any circumstances agree to Turkey becoming part of the European Union, a view shared by millions across Europe.

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